How To Get Rid of Dark Eye Circles?
Associated with lethargy and a lack of sleep, dark eye circles are a common complaint amongst many of our clients. It may also be a cause of concern for some as it can make them look tired or unhealthy, affecting their overall appearance.
What are the Three Types of Dark Eye Circles?
Dark eye circles can be classified into three distinct types, each with its own causes, appearances, and characteristics.
Pigmentation-Related Dark Eye Circles
The first type of dark eye circles is primarily caused by hyperpigmentation. Excessive melanin, the pigment responsible for skin colour, can accumulate in the delicate under-eye area, resulting in a darker appearance. Pigmentation-related dark eye circles often appear as brown or greyish patches under the eyes.
Structural Dark Eye Circles
Structural dark eye circles occur due to changes in the underlying skin and blood vessels. As we age, the skin becomes thinner, and the blood vessels beneath the eyes become more visible, creating a bluish or purplish hue. These circles are more noticeable in individuals with thinner skin or a genetic predisposition.
Vascular Dark Eye Circles
Vascular dark eye circles are caused by dilated blood vessels beneath the eyes, leading to increased blood flow and the appearance of a bluish or purple tint. Factors such as poor blood circulation, lack of sleep, and lifestyle choices can also contribute to the development of this condition.
What Causes Dark Eye Circles?
Contrary to popular belief, dark eye circles aren’t solely caused by fatigue and lack of sleep. It can also be due to various factors such as excessive sun exposure or as a sign of ageing.
Fatigue and Lack of Sleep:
A lack of quality sleep can result in blood vessel dilation, leading to the appearance of dark eye circles. Insufficient rest affects the body’s natural rejuvenation process, preventing proper blood flow and contributing to puffiness and discolouration. The skin under your eyes can also appear paler, causing blood vessels to show through more easily.
Genetics and Ageing:
Genetics play a significant role in the development of dark eye circles. If your family members are prone to this condition, you might be more likely to develop it as well. Moreover, as we age, the skin naturally becomes thinner, collagen production decreases, and fat volume reduces, making dark circles more prominent.
Allergies and Sinus Congestion:
Allergic reactions, such as hay fever or sinus congestion, can lead to dark eye circles. These circles are often accompanied by itchiness and swelling and can result in dilated blood vessels and fluid accumulation, leading to a tired and puffy appearance.
Other conditions such as dehydration, smoking, stress, and alcohol consumption can also contribute to the development of dark eye circles.
Sun Exposure and UV Damage:
Excessive sun exposure can stimulate the production of melanin, leading to pigmentation-related dark eye circles. The delicate skin around the eyes is particularly susceptible to UV damage, which intensifies the appearance of discolouration.
How to Alleviate Dark Eye Circles?
To revitalise your under-eye area and alleviate dark eye circles, you can also consider adding the following approaches into your daily routine:
Get enough sleep and rest:
Ensure you get 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night to allow your body sufficient time to rejuvenate. Establish a bedtime routine that promotes relaxation, such as aromatherapy or listening to calming music. Creating a conducive environment can also improve your quality of sleep.
Cold compress and eye massage:
Apply chilled cucumber slices or used teabags as compresses. The cool temperature will constrict blood vessels, reduce swelling, and refresh the eye area. Follow this with a gentle massage using your ring finger to stimulate circulation and further alleviate dark eye circles.
Stay hydrated and maintain a balanced diet:
Staying hydrated is essential for overall health and skin well-being, particularly in tropical climates. Having a nutrient-rich diet that includes fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and omega-3 fatty acids to nourish your skin from within.
What are the Treatments for Dark Eye Circles:
In addition to lifestyle changes, various treatments are available for individuals dealing with stubborn dark eye circles who may require additional intervention:
Dermal fillers containing hyaluronic acid can provide volume and hydration, effectively alleviating dark eye circles, especially in cases of volume loss.
Laser treatments can lighten the area around your eyes and reduce the appearance of dark eye circles by targeting and breaking down pigmentation.
Targeted creams formulated for anti-ageing, hydration, and brightening can improve the condition of dark eye circles and prevent further deterioration.
When Should I Seek Medical Attention for Dark Eye Circles?
In most cases, dark eye circles are a cosmetic concern that can be managed with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter treatments. However, it is advisable to seek medical attention under the following circumstances:
Severe and Persistent Dark Eye Circles:
If your dark eye circles do not fade after implementing lifestyle changes, consult a dermatologist or healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation.
Pain, Itching, or Discomfort:
If you experience pain, itching, or discomfort along with dark eye circles, it may indicate an underlying medical condition or an allergic reaction that requires medical attention.
Sudden Onset and Rapid Progression:
If your dark eye circles suddenly appear or worsen rapidly, it could be a sign of an underlying health issue. A medical professional can evaluate and diagnose any potential causes.