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How To Manage Oily Skin and Acne?

What is Oily Skin?

Oily skin happens when there is an overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands. Our skin needs oil to help lubricate and protect it. However, when it is available in excess, it can lead to a shiny complexion, clogged pores, and an increased risk of acne breakouts.

A primary characteristic of oily skin is having a shiny complexion, along with other traits such as enlarged pores, and acne. There are several factors which come into play in the development of oily skin, and they tend to be either due to health reasons or environmental influences. The former can include hormonal changes, such as during puberty or pregnancy, while the latter can take the form of humid weather, and dry environments.

How Can You Determine if You Have Oily Skin | Curamed Aesthetics

How Can You Determine if You Have Oily Skin?

Determining whether you have oily skin can be straightforward as it has several symptoms that can be easily identifiable. Here are some common signs of oily skin:

Persistent Shine

The main indicator of oily skin is a persistent shine. This shine may vary in intensity throughout the day, such as being more pronounced in the morning or after physical activity. Some may have the sensation of greasiness or slickness return shortly after cleansing, which points to rapid sebum production.

Enlarged Pores

Sebum, along with dead skin cells and debris, can collect within the pores. This will lead to them appearing larger and more noticeable. The T-zone, being the oiliest part of the face, may have more prominent pores compared to the rest. Enlarged pores are not only an aesthetic concern, but they can also contribute to other skin issues such as blackheads and acne.  

 

Frequent Acne Breakout

Excessive sebum production creates an environment for acne-causing bacteria to thrive. When pores become clogged with a combination of oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria, it can lead to the formation of various types of acne.

 

Skin Feels Greasy and Slick

The sensation of greasiness on the skin’s surface is a common complaint among those with oily skin. This may worsen in a warm and humid environment, or when the individual is sweating. Excess sebum can make the skin feel oily to the touch, which may lead to discomfort and want to frequently cleanse it. However, over-cleansing can strip the skin of its natural oils, causing the sebaceous glands to produce even more oil in response.

What is Acne?

Acne is a common skin condition that happens when pores become blocked by oil, bacteria, dead skin, and debris. They are not confined only to the face but can appear on the back, shoulders, chest, and neck. The severity of acne can vary, ranging from mild to severe forms. Mild acne consists of non-inflammatory lesions such as blackheads and whiteheads, while moderate to severe acne is characterised by inflammatory lesions like papules, pustules, and cysts. These inflammatory lesions, unlike mild acne, can be tender to the touch and may cause scarring if not treated properly.

While there is the prevalent myth of acne affecting mainly teenagers, it can affect individuals of all ages and skin types. It often peaks in adolescence due to hormonal fluctuations that stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more oil. However, acne can persist into adulthood or develop later in life, such as during pregnancy, or be influenced by other factors like stress and diet.

How is Oily Skin Related to Acne | Curamed Aesthetics

How is Oily Skin Related to Acne?

Oily skin and acne have a close relationship. When pores become blocked, sebum can become a food source for acne-causing bacteria like P.acnes. These bacteria thrive in oxygen-deprived environments such as blocked pores. Therefore, as they multiply in numbers, an inflammatory response will be triggered in your body’s immune system. This inflammation can appear as redness, swelling, and tenderness, which may cause the acne lesion to worsen.

 

This can result in the development of a range of acne types, with the six main ones being:

 

Whiteheads

Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones, appear as small sealed-over pimples with rounded white tops.

 

Blackheads

These are similar to whiteheads but instead of white tops, blackheads appear as small dark-colored spots.

 

Papules

Papules are small raised bumps that appear to be tender and pink. There is no visible centre, and the skin around them may be inflamed.

 

Pustules

Pustules are similar to papules but contain pus with an obvious white top. They may be mistaken for whiteheads but can be distinguished by their red and inflamed appearance.

 

Nodules

Nodules are large, painful bumps deep within the skin. It develops when clogged pores become infected and swell beneath the skin’s surface.

 

Cysts

Cystic acne appears as large, red, and inflamed pimples which tend to be located deep in the skin and filled with pus.

How Can You Manage Oily Skin and Acne?

Select Non-Comedogenic Products

Non-comedogenic products are formulated to avoid clogging pores in your skin. This can help reduce the risk of acne breakouts while being less likely to feel greasy. These products are also gentler on the skin, reducing the risk of irritation, which can help manage acne and control sebum production.

 

Avoid Touching Your Face

Some of us may have a habit of touching or rubbing our faces. But do you know that it can lead to the transfer of dirt, bacteria, and oils from your hands to your skin? This could cause an increased risk of clogged pores. If you need to touch your face, such as applying skincare products, always wash your hands before you do so.

 

Use Oil-Absorbing Products

Consider using blotting papers to remove oil from your skin. Do not scrub, but instead, gently press them against your face for a few seconds to allow for oil absorption. This can aid in controlling the sensation of greasiness and alleviate the shiny appearance on your face as you go about your day.

 

Consult a Doctor

A doctor can conduct an assessment of your skin and provide a personalized treatment plan. They can also recommend products and/or treatments that are suited for you and identify any underlying issues contributing to your acne and oily skin.

Are You Dealing With Oily Skin and Acne | Curamed Aesthetics

Are You Dealing With Oily Skin and Acne?

Acne and oily skin can be a source of frustration and discomfort. Contact us at Curamed Aesthetics if you would like a consultation with our doctor and to take a step towards addressing your skincare concerns.