What Are Vascular Conditions (Redness or visible veins)?
Vascular conditions refer to conditions that are caused by blood vessels, or the appearance of blood vessels. These may include rosacea, active acne scars, vascular birthmarks, atypical appearance of veins and redness.
Types of Vascular Conditions
- Rosacea– is a chronic inflammatory skin condition with underlying vascular reactivity that causes flushing and irritating skin. The cause of this condition remained unknown and there is no specific cure for such condition. Rosacea tend to present with broken capillaries over the cheeks and redness over the Tzone, enlarged pores with acne and oily proned skin as well.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation refers to discoloration in response to injuries to the skin. This may be due to physical injuries, sunburns, infections and inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and acne. These may range from white to pink, red and brown, such as the redness left behind by an active acne breakout.
- Atypical Vein Appearance refers to veins showing through the skin. These form when the blood vessels weaken or when blood pools in the veins for other reasons.
- Spider veins or Spider Angiomas refer to red patches of dilated capillaries that have a distinctive spiderweb pattern, usually with one central dilated capillary and other slimmer capillaries branching off.
- Vascular Birthmarks are caused by extra blood vessels clumping together, resulting in discolouration. The most commonly seen vascular birthmarks are Port-wine birthmarks, also known as Naevus flammeus. It is caused by abnormal formations of blood vessels under the skin. They usually darken with age and the skin texture in the area may become dry, thick or pebbled.
- Varicose Veins refer to swollen blue or green veins, usually on the legs and ankles.
How are Vascular Conditions treated?
Skincare Solutions are often prescribed for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
- To boost cell regeneration and cell turnover rate, mild exfoliants, retinoids and moisturisers containing hyaluronic acid may be prescribed. Sunscreens may be prescribed to prevent future sun damage. Lightening creams may also be prescribed to lighten the appearance of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Lasers may be used to treat post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, vascular birthmarks and atypical vein appearance.
- The Q-switched ND-Yag Laser is a non-ablative laser able to reach deeper into the skin to treat hyperpigmentation conditions more effectively than other light-based devices such as IPL devices. The laser beam from the laser is being absorbed by pigment-producing melanin in the skin, which then breaks down into smaller pieces that are able to be more easily removed by exfoliation or the body’s immune system, which leads to clearer and lighter skin.
- Pro-yellow Laser also often known as the “Glass skin laser” is an effective treatment to reduce inflammation and red marks or scars that are left behind from acne infection or vascular conditions. Its specific wavelength is able to collapse and reduce small broken capillaries that causes unsightly flushing and redness that appear on the skin. The 577nm wavelength not just only absorbed by the oxyhaemogoblin that is causing redness, it is also able to breakdown melanin that leads to pigmentation. Therefore, this unique device is a useful laser to give you clearer and brighter skin skin by reducing unwanted blood vessels, pigments and eliminate bacteria as well.